Stewards of the Land
Our farm is GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) certified by the Maryland Department of Agriculture and we use low-risk Advanced IPM (Integrated Pest Management) in our orchards, helping us to grow the highest quality fruits and vegetables possible with the least impact on the environment possible.
Proud to be an IPM Grower!
Since 1961, the Black family has been a proud steward of the gentle, rolling, fertile land of the Catoctin Mountains. For over 60 years, we have grown high quality fruit using a variety of “Integrated Pest Management” (IPM) methods. In recent years, there has been an increased level of interest in food safety. But what does that mean to us the grower and you the consumer? How do we arrive at specific methods of pest management? We attend on-going educational seminars so that we are able to continue to offer you a high quality, safe, nutritious food product. Please let us share with you what it means to be an IPM grower.
What is IPM?
● An approach to managing pests (which can be insects, disease, or weeds!) using a combination of biological, chemical, and cultural methods supported by weather prediction data, pest development models, and scouting information taken directly from the orchard.
● A program that uses current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of insect and disease pests and their interaction with the orchard environment.
● An understanding of a pest’s identity and habits on a farm to carefully target its control measures at the correct time and reduce the total pesticides applied during the growing season.
● A group of methods that are considered “reduced risk” treatments that are either entirely non-toxic or have a low toxicity for humans and other non-target organisms in the orchard environment.
How do we implement IPM on our farm?
IPM is a complex combination of Biological, Cultural, and Chemical management strategies. Thorough understanding and implementation of all three of these pieces helps us to “integrate” them into our pest management program. Below are common examples of each of the three categories of IPM.
• Biological: By reproducing the female sex pheromone of a number of our more persistent pests in the orchard, we are actually able to “confuse” the males and never let them find a mate – thereby controlling future generations without the use of pesticides. We also use “good bugs” (e.g. Lady Bugs & Green Lacewings) to work against “bad bugs” (e.g. Aphids). We let Lady Bugs thrive to do what they do best: eat Aphids!
• Cultural: Understanding the interaction between crops, plants, the environment, and pest organisms in an orchard goes a long way in managing the pests. In terms of pest control, simply maintaining fruit trees and plants in a horticulturally sound manner maximizes natural disease and pest resistance. By proper pruning and keeping our orchards mowed and weed-free, we limit natural pest breeding grounds.
• Chemical: Pesticide application is an integral part of any IPM program. However, with constant research and more advanced chemistries available to us, we can use “softer,” less toxic products that specifically target the pest organisms instead of killing all the insects in an orchard.
What About Organic? What’s The Difference?
Just like IPM practices, organic production methods are evolving. Many of the IPM practices used on our farm are accepted organic production practices as well. Unlike organic practices, growers who responsibly use IPM make optimum use of the many management practices mentioned previously. Many IPM sprays do not qualify for use by organic standards. However, organic producers frequently use high rates of other sprays to try to control the same pests IPM growers control with their integrated approach. “Organic production” is very popular in today’s marketplace, but it is not necessarily a safer, healthier, or more environmentally friendly method of fruit production. Regardless, the U.S. produce you eat is grown in a safer, more environmentally friendly manner than anywhere else in the world – and supporting your local grower will keep it that way!